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中国二字,最早出自这件国宝!
2020-01-08 01:27   来源:  www.hiltontiles.com   评论:0 点击:

中国二字,最早出自这件国宝!就是这样一尊称之为“国宝重器”也丝毫不过分的文物,曾经竟沦落废品站与破铜

就是这样一尊称之为“国宝重器”也丝毫不过分的文物,曾经竟沦落废品站与破铜烂铁为伍,饱尝日月风霜的侵蚀,甚至几乎回炉铸铜。

Even such a \"national treasure weight\" is not too much of the cultural relics, has been reduced to waste station and broken iron, taste the erosion of the sun and moon, even almost back to the furnace cast copper.

那年6月,宝鸡县贾村镇贾村村民陈堆家老屋住不下,就租了隔壁陈乖善的两间房子住,院子后面是个3米高的土崖。当年8月的一个雨后的上午,陈堆家的后院土崖坍塌了一块,陈堆发现土崖上好像有亮光,于是就和妻子张桂兰用手和小镢头刨,结果在坍塌的土崖上刨出了一个怪模怪样的青铜器,夫妻俩不懂文物鉴定,便暂时将其放在阁楼上装粮食。

In june of that year, baji county jia village village villager chen dui family old house cannot live, rented next door chen xiaoshan two houses, the courtyard behind is a 3 meters high earthy cliff. On a rainy morning in august that year, chen's backyard cliff collapsed, and chen found that there seemed to be a bright light on the cliff, so he and his wife, zhang guilan, and a small pickaxe planed, resulting in the collapse of a strange bronze on the cliff, the couple do not understand cultural relics identification, they temporarily put it on the attic grain.

第二年,陈堆夫妇因故要去外地,临走时将青铜器交给哥哥陈湖保管。1965年,因生活困难,陈湖将弟弟寄放的青铜器卖到了废品收购站。废品收购站的师傅也不懂文物,便将这个铁疙瘩与其它废铜烂铁存放在一起,准备送冶炼厂。于是,这个没被认出来的“国宝”险些要和废铜烂铁一起回炉熔化。

The following year, Chen Dui and his wife will go to the field for some reason, leaving the bronzeware to brother Chen Hu custody. In 1965, because of life difficulties, chen sold his brother's bronze ware to a scrap purchase station. The master of the scrap purchase station did not understand the cultural relics, then the iron keloid and other scrap iron stored together, ready to send to the smelter. As a result, the unacknowledged \"national treasure\" almost with the scrap iron furnace melting.

天佑中华,一个月之后,也即1965年9月,宝鸡市博物馆一位叫佟太放的干部在一个废品站中看到了这件铜器,觉得有一定价值,向领导汇报后,博物馆再以30元的价格将这件青铜器买走。经考古人员初步鉴定,认定这是一尊西周早期时的青铜酒器,高厘米,口径厘米,重公斤,其上的浮雕被称作“饕餮(念作taotie)纹”。

God bless china, a month later, in september 1965, a cadre of the baoji city museum named tong tai-leung saw the bronze in a scrap station, feel a certain value, report to the leadership, the museum for a further 30 yuan to buy the bronze. Archaeologists initially identified it as a bronze wine ware in the early western zhou, with a height of centimeters, a caliber of centimeters and a weight of kilograms. The relief on it was called a \"taotie \".

时光荏苒,到了1975年,为纪念中日建交,国家文物局要在日本举办中国出土文物精品展,时任上海博物馆馆长、著名青铜器专家马承源先生赴京组织筹备。经审核后,马承源很快从全国各地调集了100件一级文物,其中就有宝鸡出土的这件饕餮纹铜尊。

Time flies, in 1975, to commemorate the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Japan, the State Administration of Cultural Relics will hold in Japan, China unearthed cultural relics boutique exhibition, then the Shanghai Museum curator, famous bronze expert Mr. Ma Chengyuan to Beijing to organize preparations. After examination, Ma Chengyuan quickly from all over the country to mobilize 100 first-class cultural relics, including Baoji unearthed this gluttonous grain of copper.

马承源过去只听说但没有见过这件铜尊,见到实物后,反复看了好几遍,心中一直纳闷,这么大的器物为什么没有铭文?随即他用手在铜尊内壁、底部反复摩挲,忽然感觉底部某个地方似乎刻有文字。他大为振奋,随即让人送去除锈。

Ma Chengyuan only heard in the past but did not see this bronze Zun, after seeing the object, repeatedly looked at it several times, the heart has been wondering, why such a large object has no inscription? Then he rubbed his hand on the inner wall and the bottom of the bronze, and suddenly he felt something written somewhere at the bottom. He was so excited that he was sent to remove rust.

经过清除泥土和锈迹,果然在铜尊底部发现了长篇铭文。马承源高兴至极,马上做了拓片,经研究,隶定出的铭文有122字。这122个字,揭开了3000年前的一段往事:

After removing dirt and rust, a long inscription was found at the bottom of the bronze. Ma Chengyuan extremely happy, immediately made rubbings, after research, the inscription has 122 words. These 122 words reveal a passage from 3,000 years ago:

周成王五年四月,一位叫“何”的周王室重臣,在刚建成的洛邑(周朝金文称“成周”、“王城”)受到新居那里的王的训诰和赏赐。“何”用得到的赏赐,铸成这件铜尊,记载这一重大殊荣。其中有一句“余其宅兹中国”,意思是“我要居住在天下的中央”。这是“中国”二字作为词组首次在器物上出现。

In april of five years, the king of zhou became king of zhou. A king of zhou, called \"he \", received the new king's instruction and reward in the newly-built loyi. \"How\" with the reward, cast this bronze honor, recorded this great honor. One of them is \"I want to live in the center of the world \". This is the first time that the word \"China\" has appeared on an object as a phrase.

1998年,宝鸡市青铜器博物馆建成开馆,马承源应邀而来。在新落成的宝鸡青铜器博物馆参观时,听讲解员介绍“何尊是镇馆之宝”时,他当即指出:“它应是镇国之宝,不仅仅是你们的镇馆之宝。”

In 1998, baoji bronze museum opened, ma chengyuan invited. During a visit to the new baoji bronze museum, when the commentator introduced \"he zun is the treasure of the town hall \", he immediately pointed out:\" it should be the treasure of the town state, not just your town hall.\"

为了确保文物的安全,2002年1月,国家文物局印发了《首批禁止出国(境)展览文物目录》,规定全国有64件国宝此后永久不准出国展出,“何尊”便是其中之一。

In order to ensure the safety of cultural relics, in January 2002, the State Administration of Cultural Relics issued the First Catalogue of Cultural Relics Prohibited from Going Abroad, which stipulated that 64 national treasures would not be allowed to go abroad for exhibition since then.

时至今日,“何尊”仍保存在宝鸡市青铜器博物院内,供游人观赏。其价值连城,重若千钧,举世瞩目,中国人应该铭记的一件国之重器!

To this day,\" he zun \"remains in the baoji bronze museum for visitors to see. The value of the city, such as thousands of Jun, the world's attention, the Chinese should remember a country's weight!


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